icu wards by design are built to run at lowered capacity its a cost saving measure not rocket science people.
The document is full of data on how "cost management" is critically important ie.. keep beds as low as possible and scale out on demand.. good examples of mass casualty protocols.. .and interestingly of the influenza
From 1990 to 2004, acute care hospital beds in the USA declined from 3.7 to 2.7 per 1000 population, while occupancy rates were stable at 67 percent.
The cost implications for a health care system are high and can be calculated. Since that time, reduced hospital bed capacity, and increased oversight within hospitals and externally by insurers have resulted in reductions in these procedures, which are no longer regarded as routine operations.
Cost containment became important as the costs in all health systems increased at rates well above economic growth during the 1970s and 1980s. Governments everywhere sought ways to restrain cost increases. Cost-effectiveness and cost–benefit analyses have become a part of the planning and management review of ongoing or new interventions in health for both operational and capital expenditures as critical tools of health service planning for rational decision making to restrain health cost increases
Influenza surges of up to three times the ICU capacity prompted the need to convert ICU rooms into negative pressure areas.
This is standard hospital management theory since the 90s. No magic here.
Stop falling for the propaganda